Pennsylvania Academicians

The Pennsylvania Academicians were a group of artists charged with supervising the Academy’s Life School and assisting with exhibitions.

Members were elected by the Academicians themselves.

According to the regulations outlined by the board of directors, the Academicians were to be painters, sculptors, architects, or engravers of recognized merit. Membership was limited to forty, with the combined number of architects and engravers not exceeding onequarter of the total. The Academicians were responsible for selecting professors and keepers (or curators) of the Academy. Each was expected to contribute an example of his work to the permanent collection, although there is little evidence that the elected artists observed this rule.

A council of six Academicians was elected annually for the purpose of handling routine business, their expenses paid by the directors. The Council of Academicians was permitted to attend board meetings, although it had no vote on anything other than the awarding of prizes.

The Academicians were active in institutional affairs throughout the 1850s and 1860s. After 1871 they ceased to exist as a functioning organization.

Few surviving records remain of the Pennsylvania Academicians and the Associate Artists. Minutes of the board of directors between 1812 and 1871 make note of the nominations and elections.

 

 

List of Academicians

Allston, Washington (1779-1843) 3/13/1812
Ashton, J. B.  7/15/1847
Bailey, Joseph Alexis (1825-1883) 3/12/1860
Bensell, George Frederick (1837-1879) 4/4/1864
Birch, Thomas (1778-1851) 5/13/1812
Birch, Thomas (1778-1851) 7/15/1847
Blauvet, Charles F. (1824-1900) 4/9/1866
Bonfield, George R. (1802-1898) 7/15/1847
Bonfield, W. Vandeveld 4/10/1871
Bridport, George (probably Hugh ___ 1794-circa 1837 3/8/1813
Broome, Isaac (1835-1922) 6/7/1861
Brown, John Henry (1818-1891) 4/1862
Catlin, George (1794-1872) 2/18/1824
Conarrow, George Washington (1801-1882) 4/7/1860
Conarrow, George Washington (1801-1882) 7/15/1847
Copley, John Singleton (1737-1815)  3/13/1812
Cresson, William Emeln (1843-1868) 4/8/1867
Cummings, Thomas Seir (1804-1894) 4/13/1831
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr (1822-1888) 7/15/1847
Doughty, Thoams (1793-1856) 2/18/1824
Doughty, Thoams (1793-1856) 7/15/1847
Eckstein, John (1736-1817) 3/13/1812
Edwin, David (1776-1841) 3/13/1812
Eicholtz, E. J. (1776-1842) 2/18/1824
Fairman, Gideon 3/13/1812
Ferris, Stephen James (1835-1915) 4/10/1871
Fulton, Robert (1765-1815) 1/13/1813
Furness, William Henry Jr. (1827-1867) 3/12/1860
Godfrey, Maximillian 3/13/1812
Hamilton, James (1819-1878) 2/1/1861
Hamilton, James (1819-1878) 7/15/1847
Haviland, John 2/18/1824
Hewitt, William Keesey (1817-1893) 6/14/1869
Ingham, Charles Cromwell (1796-1863) 4/13/1831
Inman, Henry (1801-1846) 4/13/1831
Jarvis, John Wesley (1780-1839) 3/13/1812
King, Charles Bird (1785-1862) 3/13/1812
Knight, Daniel Ridgway (1839-1896) 4/8/1867
Lambdin, George Cochran (1830-1896) 4/13/1863
Lambdin, James Reid (1807-1889) 2/1/1861
Latrobe, Benjamin H. 3/13/1812
Lawrence, Charles B. (1792-1855) 2/18/1824
Lawson, Alexander (1773-1846) 2/18/1824
Leslie, Charles Robert (1794-1859) 6/8/1831
Longacre, James Burton (1794-1869) 2/18/1824
Mason, W. Sanford 4/4/1864
Merrill, J. P.  7/15/1847
Mills, Robert 3/13/1812
Moran, Edward (-1901) 3/12/1860
Moran, Edward (-1901) 4/15/1869
Moran, Thomas (1837-1926) 3/11/1861
Morse, Samuel Finley Breeze (1791-1872) 4/13/1831
Neagle, John (1796-1866) 2/18/1824
Neagle, John (1796-1866) 7/15/1847
Newton, Gilbert Stuart (1795-1835) 4/13/1831
Ord, J. B.  7/15/1847
Otis, Bass (1784-1861) 2/18/1824
Peale, Anna Claypoole (1791-1878) 2/18/1824
Peale, Charles Willson (1741-1827) 3/13/1812
Peale, Rembrandt (1778-1860) 3/13/1812
Peale, Rembrandt (1778-1860) 7/15/1847
Peale, Sarah M. (1800-1885) 2/18/1824
Pease, J. Ives (1809-1863) 7/15/1847
Pettit, George W.  6/14/1869
Reiche, John 3/13/1812
Richards, William Trost (1833-1905) 3/12/1860
Richards, William Trost (1833-1905) 4/7/1860
Robbins, Luke 3/13/1812
Rothermel, Peter Frederick (1817-1895) 3/12/1860
Rothermel, Peter Frederick (1817-1895) 7/15/1847
Rush, William (1756-1833) 3/13/1812
Sartain, John (1808-1897) 6/7/1861
Sartain, John (1808-1897) 7/15/1847
Sartain, Samuel (1830-1906) 4/1862
Schussele, Christian (1824-1879) 2/20/1860
Smith, Russell (1812-1896) 1847
Smith, T. Henry 4/1865
Strickland, William (1787-1854) 2/18/1824
Strickland, William (1787-1854) 7/15/1847
Stuart, Gilbert (1754-1828) 3/13/1812
Sully, Jane Cooper (1807-1877) 4/13/1831
Sully, Thomas (1783-1872) 7/15/1847
Trott, Benjamin (circa 1770-1839) 3/13/1812
Trott, Benjamin (circa 1770-1839) 4/13/1812
Trumball, John (1756-1843) 3/13/1812
Underwood, Thomas (1795-1849) 2/18/1824
Vanderlyn, John (1775-1852) 3/13/1812
Volozan, Dennis (1811-1820) 3/13/1812
Warner, William (1813-1848) 7/15/1847
Waugh, Samuel B. (1814-1885) 3/12/1860
Waugh, Samuel B. (1814-1885) 7/15/1847
Weird, Robert Walter (1803-1889) 4/13/1831
Welsh, Thomas B.  7/15/1847
West, Benjamin (1738-1820) 3/13/1812
Wilcox, William H.  4/9/1866
Williams, Isaac L. (1817-1895) 4/1865
Williams, Isaac L. (1817-1895) 7/15/1847
Winner, William E.  3/12/1860
Winner, William E.  7/15/1847
Wood, Joseph 2/8/1813
Woodside, Abraham 7/15/1847

The bylaws of the Pennsylvania Academy outline the membership regulations, purpose, and responsibilities of the two bodies. Annual exhibition catalogues for the years 1862–69, and 1876 contain rosters of the group’s members and indicate who were members of the Council of Academicians.

The original group, elected by the board of directors on 13 March 1812, consisted of:

  • William Rush
  • Thomas Sully
  • Rembrandt Peale
  • Charles Willson Peale
  • Gideon Fairman
  • John Eckstein
  • Thomas Birch
  • John Reich
  • Dennis Volozan
  • Benjamin Trotter (declined)
  • Luke Robbins
  • David Edwin
  • Benjamin Latrobe
  • John W. Jarvis
  • Maximilian Godefroy
  • Gilbert Stuart
  • Washington Allston
  • John J. Vanderlyn
  • Charles King
  • Benjamin Weset
  • John S. Copley
  • John Trumball
  • Robert Mills